Born in Indore in 1910, Narayan Shridhar Bendre’s artistic career began at the State School of Art in Indore in 1929 which was followed by the Government Diploma in Art from Bombay in 1933. In 1947-1948, Bendre travelled to the United States, gaining an exposure to 20th century Western art. Bendre's early works had been labeled as being academic and impressionist, dominated by landscapes and portraits in oils and gouache but during his years in Baroda, he embarked on what is perceived as the most important phase of his career, exploring ways of combining cubist, expressionist, and abstract genres from Western Modernism into his own work. Later he received the Padma Shri Award from the President of India in 1969. He was also awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1991. He continued to paint till he passed away on 18 February 1992.