Somnath Hore

(1921-2006)

Somnath Hore is one of the pioneers of the twentieth century modern art movement in India. He is recognized not only as an important artist but also as a social activist, who has over the years boldly used his extraordinary talents as a Graphic artist. He learned the technique of print making at the Govt. College of Art and Craft in Calcutta.
He is respected not only as an important print-maker but also as a versatile painter and sculptor to express his own personal angst against a socio-political system which breeds acts of violence. The most poignant and powerful statement made by Somnath as an artist is his ‘Wounds’ Series, depicting man’s inhumanity towards mankind.  In the ‘Wounds’ series the printmaking process itself reflects the artist’s experiences of violence and trauma. Throughout his career, Hore experimented with different printmaking techniques and materials, particularly lithography and Intaglio. It was the cataclysmic decades of the 1940’s – especially the Bengal Famine of 1943 which shaped and molded his consciousness as an artist. From 1974 he also started making Bronze sculptures of different scale. Somnath Hore lived most of his later life at Santiniketan and taught at Kala Bhavana as a professor of Graphic Art.